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Open Access Factors Influencing Intention to Work while Ill: A Systematic Review

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This article is Open Access under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND licence.

Objectives: The aim of this systematic review was to identify factors influencing workers' intention to work while ill, using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) as a theoretical framework. Methods: A systematic search of articles was carried out from PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases. Eligibility of each article was assessed using PRISMA guidelines. Overall, 22 articles met the inclusion criteria after the selection process and were included in this review. Results: The factors fit into 3 constructs: (1) attitude (good and bad consequences of working while ill), (2) subjective norms (descriptive and injunctive norms on working while ill), and (3) perceived behavioral control (facilitators and barriers of working while ill). Conclusions: The TPB is a practical theory to conceptualize and understand the factors influencing workers' intention to work while ill. These findings provide initial knowledge on the development of a framework to measure workers' intention to work while ill and to propose appropriate interventions for workers with chronic illness.


Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Hanizah Mohd Yusoff, Department of Community Health, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia;, Email: [email protected] 2: Hanani Nabilah Mohd Sobri, Department of Community Health, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 3: Vevya Sundaram, Department of Community Health, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur

Publication date: November 1, 2021

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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