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Open Access Promoting Fish Consumption Messages: Perspectives of Hmong Women of Childbearing Age

Objectives: Through focus groups, we aimed to understand ways to promote safe and healthy fish consumption among Hmong women in Minnesota. Methods: English-speaking Hmong women aged 18-40 were eligible to participate in 90-minute focus groups. Through our questions, we sought to gain understanding of the women's health-seeking behaviors and to obtain feedback on current messaging. We recorded the focus groups and transcribed and double-coded the data using sequential directed content analysis. Results: Thirteen Hmong women participated across 3 focus groups. The final coding tree included 6 primary themes related to health messaging, with adequate inter-coder reliability for each. Women identified the Internet as the primary source of health information with website preferences driven in-part by preferences of elders. Discrepancies between health beliefs of elder and younger generations were noted, with some evidence that personal fish consumption preferences outweighed cultural norms. Messages clearly targeting the Hmong population were preferred, with discrepancy in risk-versus benefit-framed messages. Conclusions: Findings highlight the need for culturally informed messages that are clear and carefully tailored. Our findings will inform future development of safe and healthy fish consumption messaging to better support the Hmong community in Minnesota.

Keywords: FOCUS GROUPS; HEALTH BEHAVIOR; HEALTH COMMUNICATION; HMONG WOMEN; PATIENT EDUCATION; QUALITATIVE DATA

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Meghan M. JaKa, Evaluation Associate, Supervisor, Center for Evaluation & Survey Research, HealthPartners Institute, Bloomington, MN, United States;, Email: [email protected] 2: Jennifer M. Dinh, Evaluation and Survey Project Manager, Center for Evaluation & Survey Research, HealthPartners Institute, Bloomington, MN, United States 3: Patricia McCann, Environmental Health, Minnesota Department of Health, St. Paul, MN, United States 4: Abigail S. Katz, Center for Evaluation & Survey Research, HealthPartners Institute, Bloomington, MN, United States 5: Thomas E. Kottke, Medical Director for Wellbeing, HealthPartners Institute, Bloomington, MN, United States 6: Jeanette Y. Ziegenfuss, Director of Survey and Evaluation Science, Center for Evaluation & Survey Research, HealthPartners Institute, Bloomington, MN, United States

Publication date: September 1, 2021

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

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