Objectives: In this study, we examined patterns of obesity, physical activity (PA), sleep, and screen time in urban American Indian (AI) youth in the 6th-8th grade. Methods: A youth sample (N = 36) from 3 middle schools was recruited to participate
in this observational sample of convenience. Youth completed a demographic and screen time survey, measurements of height and weight, and wore a wrist accelerometer continuously for 7 days to assess PA and sleep. Results: Approximately 42% of participants were overweight or obese. Average
weekday screen time was 254.7±98.1 minutes. Compared to weekdays, weekend sedentary activity increased (weekday, 159.2±81.1 minutes vs weekend, 204.3±91.7 minutes; p = .03) and vigorous PA (weekday, 20.9±19.1 minutes vs weekend, 5.7±8.1 minutes; p = .0001)
and moderate-to-vigorous PA (weekday, 192.65±62.3 minutes vs weekend, 141±71.7 minutes; p = .002) decreased. Compared to weekdays, weekend total sleep time (weekday, 512.8±48.6 minutes vs weekend, 555.3±84.3 minutes; p = .007) and time in bed (weekday, 487.3±49.6
minutes vs weekend, 528.6±71.2 minutes; p = .01) increased. Conclusions: Weekday to weekend shifts in PA and sleep must be considered when designing targeted obesity prevention interventions.
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URBAN AMERICAN INDIAN
Document Type: Research Article
Center for American Indian and Rural Health Equity, Bozeman, MT;, Email: [email protected]
School of Biological and Population Health Sciences, College of Public Health and Human Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR
Native American Specialist, Missoula County Public Schools, Missoula, MT
January 1, 2020
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The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.
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