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Frequency of Breakfast and Physical Fitness among Chinese College Students

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Objective: Although several studies report a relationship between breakfast consumption and physical fitness, results are inconsistent and lack evidence in young adults. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between frequency of breakfast consumption and physical fitness among college students. Methods : This cross-sectional study investigated 10,125 Chinese college students (6251 male, 3874 female participants) who underwent physical examinations in 2015. Breakfast consumption was assessed using a self-reported questionnaire. Physical fitness was evaluated by grip strength and 50-meter sprint. Results: After adjusting for confounding factors, a significantly positive association was observed between frequency of breakfast consumption and grip strength (p < .001 for both sexes). Frequent breakfast consumption also was associated with faster sprint times in male and female participants (p < .001, and .002 respectively). Conclusions: We found that frequent breakfast consumption is significantly associated with higher grip strength and faster sprint times in Chinese college students.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Physical Education, Huaiyin Institute of Technology, Huaian, People's Republic of China 2: Department of Physical Education, Changchun Institute of Education, Changchun, People's Republic of China 3: Department of Physical Education, Huaiyin Institute of Technology, Huaian, People's Republic of China. 4: Department of Physical Education, Dalian Institute of Science and Technology, Dalian, People's Republic of China

Publication date: January 1, 2018

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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