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Household Food Security Discordance Among Latino Adolescents and Parents

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Objectives: We determined the degree of parent-adolescent concordance in reported household food security, and delineated variation in concordance as a function of selected household and parent-adolescent relationship characteristics. Methods: Cross-tabulations and Cohen's Kappa determined concordance. Multinomial logistic regressions delineated variation in concordance as a function of selected household and parent-adolescent relationship characteristics for Latino parent and adolescent dyads (N = 70). Results: Nearly half the households had concordant reports of household food security, but 34% were "discordant" such that parents reported food insecurity but adolescents did not, and 17% were "discordant" wherein adolescents reported food insecurity but parents did not. Elevated parent-adolescent conflict was associated with greater odds of discordance wherein adolescent reported food insecurity but parent did not. Households with female adolescents and income ≥ $30,000/year were associated with lower odds of discordance wherein parent reported food insecurity but adolescent did not. Conclusions: Discordant reports of Latino household food security suggest the burden of unequal access to sufficient foods may be underestimated. Discordant reports may follow from cultural values that may encourage adolescents to keep hunger from their parents.
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Keywords: DISCORDANCE; ETHNIC MINORITIES; HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY; LATINO FAMILIES

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Florida State University, Department of Family and Child Sciences, Tallahassee, FL;, Email: [email protected] 2: University of Houston, Department of Health & Human Performance, Houston, TX 3: Florida State University, Department of Family and Child Sciences, Tallahassee, FL

Publication date: November 1, 2017

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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