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Multiple Health Behavior Change in Adults with or at Risk for Cancer: A Systematic Review

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Objectives: To identify components of efficacious interventions for multiple health behavior change (MHBC) in adult cancer survivors or adults at high risk for cancer. Methods: A systematic review of MHBC interventions was conducted using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses framework. Results: Ten studies met inclusion criteria. Most studies changed at least 2 health behaviors. Diet, exercise, and smoking cessation were consistently changed with in-person interventions. Longer duration interventions using phone or mail contact had a positive association with changing diet and exercise. Conclusions: MHBC interventions positively influenced behavior change in adults with cancer and those at high risk for cancer. Future studies should focus on increasing dissemination and implementation of efficacious interventions.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: College of Nursing & Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Boston, MA, USA. [email protected] 2: College of Nursing & Health Sciences, and Associate Vice-Provost for Research, University of Massachusetts, Boston, MA, USA 3: Phyllis F. Cantor Center, Research in Nursing and Patient Care, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USA

Publication date: 01 May 2015

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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