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Health Literacy, Self-efficacy, Food Label Use, and Diet in Young Adults

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Objectives: To examine relationships among health literacy, self-efficacy, food label use, and dietary quality in young adults aged 18-29. Methods: Health literacy, self-efficacy, food label use, and dietary quality were assessed. Participants were categorized into low, medium and high health literacy groups based on Newest Vital Sign score. Results: Self-efficacy and health literacy were predictors of food label use, which positively predicted dietary quality. The low health literacy group had significantly lower use of food labels than the high health literacy group. However, there was no significant difference between medium and high health literacy groups. Conclusion: Strategies to enhance health literacy, self-efficacy and food label use should be developed to improve dietary quality and health outcomes.


Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Emory University Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing, Atlanta, GA, USA., Email: [email protected] 2: University of Pittsburgh Psychology in Education and Business Administration in the Joseph M. Katz Graduate School of Business, Pittsburgh PA, USA 3: Emory College, Atlanta, GA, USA 4: Emory University Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing Atlanta, GA, USA 5: Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, GA, USA 6: Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta GA, USA 7: Emory University Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing, Atlanta, GA, USA

Publication date: May 1, 2014

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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