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Does Screening Classification Predict Long-term Outcomes of DWI Offenders

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Objectives : To determine the usefulness of a screening classification system in predicting treatment use, current substance abuse disorders (SUD), and driving over the alcohol limit (DOL) at 15-year follow-up.

Methods : Interviewed 583 driving while imparied (DWI) first offenders with SUDs. Univariate and multivariate statistics were used to determine predictors of long-term outcomes.

Results : Screening classification defined groups with different treatment histories and 15-year outcomes. Current SUDs were reported by 21 and DOL by 10, of subjects.

Conclusions : Group differences suggest that screening data could be used more effectively to triage and treat DWI offenders.

Keywords: DWI/DUI screening; DWI/DUI treatment; driving under the influence; impaired driving

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1 Director, Behavioral Health Research Center of the Southwest, a center of the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Albuquerque, NM.

Publication date: November 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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