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Contrasting Costs of a Prostate Cancer Educational Program by Income

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Objective: To compare the cost-effectiveness of prostate cancer educational programs by income. Method: Cost by 3 levels of income was contrasted with 1,086 men at work sites. Results: The participation rate decreased with lower incomes (p<0.001), leading to a greater cost per low-income man screened. However, the detection rate for prostate cancer was much greater in the lowest income group (p<0.01). Therefore, total program cost to detect a case of prostate cancer was 3 to 4½ times less for low-income men. Conclusion: Targetting low-income men is cost-effective and has the potential to reduce prostate cancer mortality rates.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: School of Nursing, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY. 2: School of Medicine, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY. 3: Howard Univerity, Washington, DC 4: School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. 5: College of Pharmacy, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. 6: School of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY.

Publication date: November 1, 2000

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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