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Internal attachment relationships: the five Cs versus the two Ds

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This article explores ways of creating more secure internal attachment within complex dissociative systems characterised by multiple selves whose interactions can be problematic. Its focus is on building a supportive external and internal environment based on the five Cs: compassion, communication, co-operation, connection, and co-consciousness. A conceptual framework is outlined on the use of the five Cs at each stage of therapy. These concepts are recognised as in direct conflict with survival strategies based on the two Ds: disconnection and dissociation. Therapeutic issues presenting challenges for both client and therapist in pursuit of a changed state of mind and restructured internal relationships are considered.


Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 2020

More about this publication?
  • Attachment: New Directions in Psychotherapy and Relational Psychoanalysis is a new leading edge journal for clinicians working relationally with their clients; it is a professional journal, featuring cultural articles, politics, reviews and poetry relevant to attachment and relational issues; an inclusive journal welcoming contributions from clinicians of all orientations seeking to make a contribution to attachment approaches to clinical work.

    It includes up to date briefings on latest developments in neuroscience relevant to psychotherapy and counselling and is an international journal with contributions from colleagues from different countries and cultures.

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