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Bell tests explained by classical optics without quantum entanglement

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A polarized photon interacts with a polarizer through the component of the photon’s electric field which is aligned with the polarizer. This component varies as the cosine of the angle through which the polarizer is rotated, explaining the cosine observed in Bell test data. Quantum mechanics is unnecessary and plays no role.

Keywords: Action at a Distance; Bell Experiment; Bell Inequality Test; Bell Test; Bell Test Experiments; Bell’s Theorem; EPR; EPR Tests; Isaac Newton; Quantum Entanglement

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 17, 2021

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  • Physics Essays has been established as an international journal dedicated to theoretical and experimental aspects of fundamental problems in Physics and, generally, to the advancement of basic knowledge of Physics. The Journal's mandate is to publish rigorous and methodological examinations of past, current, and advanced concepts, methods and results in physics research. Physics Essays dedicates itself to the publication of stimulating exploratory, and original papers in a variety of physics disciplines, such as spectroscopy, quantum mechanics, particle physics, electromagnetic theory, astrophysics, space physics, mathematical methods in physics, plasma physics, philosophical aspects of physics, chemical physics, and relativity.
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