Clock rate in a noninertial system varies with respect to velocity and gravitational potential. Because time is linear and the variations occur simultaneously, two sets of coordinates are required to account for the separability of clock variables: one set that is velocity dependent and another due to gravitational field that is acceleration dependent. It is shown how these conditions may be satisfied mathematically with an action integral of a Lagrangian density between surfaces to describe atomic systems. Time uncertainty in inertial and noninertial systems is discussed.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: September 1, 2018
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- Physics Essays has been established as an international journal dedicated to theoretical and experimental aspects of fundamental problems in Physics and, generally, to the advancement of basic knowledge of Physics. The Journal's mandate is to publish rigorous and methodological examinations of past, current, and advanced concepts, methods and results in physics research. Physics Essays dedicates itself to the publication of stimulating exploratory, and original papers in a variety of physics disciplines, such as spectroscopy, quantum mechanics, particle physics, electromagnetic theory, astrophysics, space physics, mathematical methods in physics, plasma physics, philosophical aspects of physics, chemical physics, and relativity.
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