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From Hyperion to photon, a brief survey in the timeline of photon

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We present in this paper a chronological study on the main line of the electromagnetic radiation throughout the history of mankind. This history is divided into three distinct eras: Preclassical, classical, and modern era. In the preclassical era, myths are studied starting with Hyperion (god of lightning), extramission theory, and Euclid principles. While in the classical era, the main focus is on classical theories of physics through introducing the Maxwell equations and Huygens and Newton's theories on light. In addition, aspects of light via particle and wave theory are reviewed. Special relativity, photoelectric effect, and radiation in quantum mechanics are the studied topics in the modern era. We present the advancement in photonic science from the last century till the present time and show its influences on fields such as lasers, quantum field theory, holographs, light emitting diodes, and entanglement.
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Keywords: Einstein;; Entanglement;; Extramission;; Hyperion;; Laser;; Light Emitting Diode (LED);; Maxwell;; Photon;; Radiation; Relativity;

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2018

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  • Physics Essays has been established as an international journal dedicated to theoretical and experimental aspects of fundamental problems in Physics and, generally, to the advancement of basic knowledge of Physics. The Journal's mandate is to publish rigorous and methodological examinations of past, current, and advanced concepts, methods and results in physics research. Physics Essays dedicates itself to the publication of stimulating exploratory, and original papers in a variety of physics disciplines, such as spectroscopy, quantum mechanics, particle physics, electromagnetic theory, astrophysics, space physics, mathematical methods in physics, plasma physics, philosophical aspects of physics, chemical physics, and relativity.
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