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Volksbegehren Artenvielfalt: Gesetzesänderungen können auch Ökosystemdienstleistungen in Bayerns Agrarlandschaften stärken

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Mit dem Volksbegehren Artenvielfalt wurden Änderungen im Bayerischen Naturschutzgesetz für besseren Arten- und Biotopschutz angestoßen. Auf Basis einer Literaturstudie betrachten wir, welches Potenzial diese Änderungen auch für Ökosystemdienstleistungen in der Agrarlandschaft haben können.

The Bavarian referendum Biodiversity and Natural Beauty (Volksbegehren Artenvielfalt) has led to significant changes in Bavarian environmental legislation. This article investigates and assesses the potential impact of the referendum on ecosystem services (ES) based on existing literature. For this purpose, we selected all the legislative changes that are assumed to directly impact ES in agricultural landscapes. Little research exists on many of the specific relationships for the legislative changes discussed, particularly concerning cultural ES. Nonetheless, for the majority of the legislative changes, the reviewed studies suggest a positive impact on ES. Although we did not find any neutral or negative effects on ES, they are possible in individual cases based on local site conditions and the specific design of the measures. Habitat function and genetic resource maintenance are likely to benefit the most from the legislative changes. Yet, many other ES may be positively influenced, especially in combination with funding law measures and the planned positions for wildlife habitat and biodiversity advisors. The actual effects in Bavarian landscapes should be scientifically investigated.

Keywords: agricultural landscape; ecosystem services; environmental law; nature conservation

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Universität Bayreuth | Bayreuther Zentrum für Ökologie und Umwelt - forschung (BayCEER) | Professur für Ökologische Dienstleistungen | Universitätsstr. 30 | 95447 Bayreuth | Deutschland

Publication date: July 15, 2021

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  • GAIA is a peer-reviewed inter- and transdisciplinary journal for scientists and other interested parties concerned with the causes and analyses of environmental and sustainability problems and their solutions.

    Environmental problems cannot be solved by one academic discipline. The complex natures of these problems require cooperation across disciplinary boundaries. Since 1991, GAIA has offered a well-balanced and practice-oriented forum for transdisciplinary research. GAIA offers first-hand information on state of the art environmental research and on current solutions to environmental problems. Well-known editors, advisors, and authors work to ensure the high quality of the contributions found in GAIA and a unique transdisciplinary dialogue – in a comprehensible style.

    GAIA is an ISI-journal, listed in the Science Citation Index Expanded, Social Science Citation Index and in Current Contents/Social and Behavioral Sciences.

    All contributions undergo a double-blind peer review.

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