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Open Access Die beste Idee, die Bayern je hatte: der Alpenplan. Raumplanung mit Weitblick

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The Alpenplan (AP) was implemented as an area-wide zoning tool for the Bavarian Alps in 1972. The AP regulates transport infrastructure and leads tourism development towards stronger sustainability. Its top-down approach is based on the rational, technocratic planning paradigm of the 1970s unlike today's governance approaches which are mostly footed on bottom-up concepts. As the empirical results show the AP prevented the Bavarian Alps from an overdevelopment of tourism infrastructure and provided important improvements for nature protection -without restricting tourism, its economic impact or recreational function. The AP today faces another problem: It is not suitable for solving issues arising from the post-Fordist recreational demand which leads to a stronger differentiation and individualization of outdoor recreation activities.

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Keywords: Alpenplan; Bavarian Alps; protected areas; spatial planning; sustainable development; tourism; zoning

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 17 December 2014

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  • GAIA is a peer-reviewed inter- and transdisciplinary journal for scientists and other interested parties concerned with the causes and analyses of environmental and sustainability problems and their solutions.

    Environmental problems cannot be solved by one academic discipline. The complex natures of these problems require cooperation across disciplinary boundaries. Since 1991, GAIA has offered a well-balanced and practice-oriented forum for transdisciplinary research. GAIA offers first-hand information on state of the art environmental research and on current solutions to environmental problems. Well-known editors, advisors, and authors work to ensure the high quality of the contributions found in GAIA and a unique transdisciplinary dialogue – in a comprehensible style.

    GAIA is an ISI-journal, listed in the Science Citation Index Expanded, Social Science Citation Index and in Current Contents/Social and Behavioral Sciences.

    All contributions undergo a double-blind peer review.

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