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Environmental Finance Intergovernmental Transfers for Environmental Infrastructure: Lessons from Armenia, the Russian Federation and Ukraine (Edition complète ‐ ISBN 9264025030 ‐ en angl. seulement)

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This report draws on three detailed case studies from Armenia, the Russian Federation and Turkey and on the experience of OECD countries to provide guidance on how transfers from central budgets to local authorities could be designed to finance environmental infrastructures in transition economies. The report also investigates mechanisms for transferring financial resources for water services from higher to lower levels of government.



AcromymsExecutive SummaryChapter 1. Main Findings from Case Studies‐The Magnitude of Intergovernmental Transfers‐The Analytical Framework‐Recent Trends in Transfer Mechanisms‐Intergovernmental Transfers to Finance Water InfrastructureChapter 2. Intergovernmental Transfers for Environmental Expenditure in Armenia‐Legislative and Regulatory Framework‐The System of Intergovernmental Transfers‐Controlling the Use of Earmarked Transfers‐The Structure of Local Government Expenditure‐Intergovernmental Borrowing Procedures‐State Support to the WSS Sector‐Institutional Organisation of WSS‐Financial Instruments‐The Efficiency of Intergovernmental Transfer MechanismsChapter 3. Intergovernmental Transfers for Environmental Expenditure in the Russian Federation‐Legislative and Regulatory Framework‐The System of Intergovernmental Transfers‐Federal Financial Support Fund for Federation Subjects‐Compensation Fund‐Social Expenditure Co‐Finance Fund‐Regional Finance Reform Fund‐Regional Development Fund‐Other Grants and Subventions‐Transfers Made as Part of Mutual Settlements‐Road Maintenance Subventions and Grants‐Regional Development Initiatives‐Controlling the Use of Earmarked Transfers‐The Structure of Local Government Revenues‐Intergovernmental Borrowing Procedures‐State Support to the WSS SectorChapter 4. Intergovernmental Transfers for Environmental Expenditure in Turkey‐Legislative and Regulatory Framework‐The System of Intergovernmental Transfers‐Equalisation Grants‐Additional Grants‐Subventions for the Implementation of Investment Projects‐Other Subventions‐Analysis of Local Government Revenue Structure‐Controlling the Use of Earmarked Transfers‐The Structure of Local Government Expenditure‐Intergovernmental Borrowing Procedures‐State Support to the WSS Sector‐Institutional Organisation of WSS‐Financial Instruments‐The Efficiency of Intergovernmental Transfer Mechanisms to Finance WSS Services‐Earmarked and Non‐Earmarked Grants‐Mandatory and Discretionary Grants‐Matching and Non‐Matching Grants‐General Purpose and Block Grants‐Capital versus Current Grants
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Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: August 1, 2006

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