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The regional and international context

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This chapter looks at the major factors that shape the context in which the environmental administrations in the region of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA) operate and implement their policies. The chapter starts with a brief overview of the macroeconomic and environmental situation in the region, followed by a discussion of the key public finance reforms with a major focus on medium‐term budgeting practices that have been progressively initiated in most of the countries over the past ten years. Finally, the chapter looks specifically at the governance structure of the environmental authorities in the EECCA countries and the demand for good practices for the preparation of robust multi‐year expenditure programmes.
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Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: August 1, 2011

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