Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure


The full text article is not available for purchase.

The publisher only permits individual articles to be downloaded by subscribers.

BENIN'S SOCIAL AND POLITICAL SITUATION has been peaceful for over a decade. The wide‐ranging national consultation held between 19 and 28 February 1990 brought an end to the profound socio‐political and economic crisis that the country suffered during the late 1980s. This consultation, known as the "ConfĂ©rence nationale des forces vives" (National Conference of Dynamic Forces) was the first of its kind in Africa, and brought different strands of opinion, development organisations from various parts of the country, business and trade organisations, and religious communities together around the same table. It resulted in a number of important resolutions, notably i) to establish a liberal democracy based on respect for fundamental human liberties, ii) to promote the rule of law and iii) to adopt free‐market principles.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: May 1, 2008

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more