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Effectiveness of endoscopic sinus surgery and aspirin therapy in the management of aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease

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Background:

Aspirin therapy and/or type 2 (T2) biologics are used in the management of aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD).

Objective:

To identify the number of patients with AERD who tolerated aspirin therapy, yet due to persistent symptoms, incorporated T2 biologic management.

Methods:

A retrospective review was performed between July 2016 and June 2019. Patients with AERD and who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS), aspirin desensitization (AD), and at least 6 months of aspirin therapy (ATAD) after AD, and who remained biologic-naive up through this timepoint were included in the study. Introduction of a T2 biologic while on ATAD was the primary outcome. The secondary outcome was a change in a validated patient-reported outcome measure for chronic rhinosinusitis score between the postoperative predesensitization timepoint, and the 6-month postdesensitization timepoint, presented as means and compared by using the Student's t-test.

Results:

A total of 103 patients met inclusion criteria. Two patients (1.9%) ultimately supplemented ATAD with a T2 biologic. The mean outcomes measure test score after 6 months of ATAD for patients who received biologics was 40.5 versus 15 in those who did not receive biologics (p = 0.02). The mean differences between the postoperative predesensitization test score and the 6-month postdesensitization test score for patients who went on to receive biologics was an increase of 13 versus a decrease of 10 for those patients who did not receive biologics (p = 0.12).

Conclusion:

ESS, coupled with AD and ATAD, was successful in the long-term management of the majority of the patients with AERD, which rarely required the incorporation of T2 biologics. Patient questionnaires, such as outcomes measure test score, may identify aspirin therapy failures and help guide the practitioner in deciding when to introduce T2 biologics into the patient's treatment regimen.
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Keywords: asthma; eosinophilic rhinitis and nasal polyposis; medical therapy of chronic rhinosinusitis

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: From the Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, NorthShore University Health System, University of Chicago, Pritzker School of Medicine, Evanston, Illinois; 2: Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas; 3: Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and

Publication date: March 1, 2021

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma and by having the potential to directly impact the quality of patient care. AAP welcomes the submission of original works including peer-reviewed original research and clinical trial results. Additionally, as the official journal of the Eastern Allergy Conference (EAC), AAP will publish content from EAC poster sessions as well as review articles derived from EAC lectures.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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