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Allergic inflammation of the anterior surface of the eye

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Ocular allergies affect an estimated 40% of the population, 98% of which are because of allergic conjunctivitis and includes tear film dysfunction. With the current advent of both repurposed drugs for ocular allergies, as well as novel drugs, lubricants and methods of administration, there is a need to update new treatments to optimize the care of ocular allergy patients.


An overview of mediators, clinical characteristics and management is provided in a summary format.


Lubricants (best when refrigerated provide immediate relief that is short lived (several minutes) due to its dilutional effect on mediators and pollen in the tear film. Immediate and longer-term benefit occurs from different topical and oral medications ‐ primarily histamine receptor agonists.


The newest prescription topical ophthalmic histamine H1 receptor antagonist (an inverse agonist) to be approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in the past 10 years (U.S. NDA approved May 30, 2017) is cetirizine ophthalmic solution for the treatment of ocular itching with allergic conjunctivitis in adults and in children more than 2 years old.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: From the Rutgers Center of Environmental Prediction, Rutgers University, Springfield, New Jersey

Publication date: November 1, 2020

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma and by having the potential to directly impact the quality of patient care. AAP welcomes the submission of original works including peer-reviewed original research and clinical trial results. Additionally, as the official journal of the Eastern Allergy Conference (EAC), AAP will publish content from EAC poster sessions as well as review articles derived from EAC lectures.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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