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Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps management in the age of biologics

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Background:

Chronic rhinosinusitis is one of the most common medical conditions seen in the U.S. population. Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) in adults has predominately a type 2 inflammatory endotype that usually is treated with medical management that consists of inhaled corticosteroids, saline solution irrigation, oral corticosteroid bursts, and, at times, leukotriene antagonists and antibiotics. If medical management fails, then surgical intervention is usually recommended. Various biologics that target type 2 inflammation are now available, which have been or will be approved for use in these patients.

Objective:

To determine where biologics that affect the type 2 pathway fit into the algorithm of treatment for CRSwNP.

Methods:

A review of the literature on standard-of-care measures and surgical interventions in CRSwNP and an analysis of recent studies on the efficacy and safety of biologics in this condition.

Results:

Standard of care with medication and surgical interventions fail in some patients with CRSwNP. Biologics that affect the type 2 inflammatory pathway led to a decrease in nasal polyp size, improved nasal congestion, and improved quality of life both in patients who had surgery and those who had not had surgery for CRSwNP. Also, they showed efficacy and safety in patients whether or not they had comorbid asthma. These agents do not cure the patient with CRSwNP, and will be required chronically for control.

Conclusion:

Shared decision-making should be used in determining the use of certain medications, surgical management, and biologics in patients with CRSwNP. In patients for whom surgery has already failed and in patients with moderate-to-severe CRSwNP who have other type 2 comorbidities, e.g., asthma, a trial of biologics is a rational course.
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Keywords: -chronic rhinosinusitis; benralizumab; dupilumab; functional endoscopic sinus surgery; intranasal corticosteroids; mepolizumab; nasal polyps; omalizumab; oral corticosteroids; shared decision making

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: From the Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University, Augusta, Georgia

Publication date: November 1, 2020

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma and by having the potential to directly impact the quality of patient care. AAP welcomes the submission of original works including peer-reviewed original research and clinical trial results. Additionally, as the official journal of the Eastern Allergy Conference (EAC), AAP will publish content from EAC poster sessions as well as review articles derived from EAC lectures.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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