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Biologics for oral corticosteroid-dependent asthma

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Background:

Oral corticosteroid (OCS) dependent asthma is one of the severe asthma phenotypes that requires personalized treatment.

Objective:

To review the role of biologic treatments in OCS-dependent asthma.

Methods:

A nonsystematic review was performed of emerging multiple novel biologics for potential treatment of OCS-dependent asthma.

Results:

The serious adverse effects of OCS can be seen as a result of their regular long-term administration. Anti‐interleukin (IL) 5 (mepolizumab), anti‐IL-5R (benralizumab), and anti‐IL-4Rα (dupilumab) are the therapies of choice for OCS-dependent severe asthma. Results of studies showed the efficacy of mepolizumab, benralizumab, and dupilumab, especially in patients with the OCS-dependent severe eosinophilic asthma phenotype and with nasal polyps. Dupilumab may be the therapy of choice of monoclonal antibodies in cases of moderate-severe atopic dermatitis accompanied by OCS-dependent severe asthma. For reslizumab and omalizumab, placebo controlled double-blind studies conducted with OCS-dependent patient populations are needed.

Conclusion:

Biologics are effective in the “OCS-dependent asthma” phenotype as add-on therapy. It seems that chronic OCS use in OCS-dependent asthma will be replaced by biologic agents that specifically target type 2 inflammation, along with a much better safety profile. However, real-life studies that compare these biologics in OCS-dependent severe asthma are urgently needed.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 2020

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma and by having the potential to directly impact the quality of patient care. AAP welcomes the submission of original works including peer-reviewed original research and clinical trial results. Additionally, as the official journal of the Eastern Allergy Conference (EAC), AAP will publish content from EAC poster sessions as well as review articles derived from EAC lectures.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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