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Clinical profile and quality of life of Puerto Ricans with hereditary angioedema

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There is limited data on clinical characteristics and quality of life (QoL) of Hereditary angioedema (HAE) patients in Puerto Rico.


Create an epidemiological and clinical profile of patients with HAE and assess the burden of this condition on the general health of Puerto Ricans suffering the disease.


A cross-sectional study was performed in 32 Puerto Rican patients with HAE. To obtain data on sociodemographic characteristics, clinical symptoms and treatment, a clinical survey based on a Spanish adaptation of the “HAEA Patient Summit Questionnaire 2015” was used. To measure QoL, the SF-36v2 questionnaire was used. IBM SPSS 22.0 (IBM, NY, USA) and QualityMetric Health Outcomes™ Scoring Software 4.5 was utilized for statistical analysis.


The most common type of HAE was Type I (41.9%). In 1 year, 32.3% of patients present 2‐3 attacks per month. The most common locations were: abdomen and face. Seventy-eight percent of patient developed laryngeal edema but only 6.5% needed tracheotomy. Fifty-eight percent of patients were using prophylaxis therapy; C1 esterase inhibitor (68.7%) being the most common. Eighty-one percent of patients were using rescue medication; Icatibant (80.8%) being the most common. Compared with US population norms of quality of life, patients with HAE in Puerto Rico reported significantly lower scores, both in the physical component (62%) and in the mental components (58%). The most affected parameters were emotional (38.52), physical (39.19) and social (39.79) components. Gender differences were observed in our sample; females scored below males in all components except for general health.


Puerto Rican Hispanics showed a similar epidemiologic and clinical profile to previous studies, however; higher frequency of attacks was prominent. Our study demonstrates a substantial and noteworthy decrease in quality of life in HAE patients and an increase risk for depression, particularly among woman.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: From the Allergy and Immunology Program, University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine, San Juan, Puerto Rico 2: San Juan Bautista Research Center, San Juan, Puerto Rico 3: Allergy Asthma Immunology, Milton S. Hershey Penn State, Hershey, Pennsylvania 4: University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine, San Juan, Puerto Rico

Publication date: March 1, 2019

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  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma and by having the potential to directly impact the quality of patient care. AAP welcomes the submission of original works including peer-reviewed original research and clinical trial results. Additionally, as the official journal of the Eastern Allergy Conference (EAC), AAP will publish content from EAC poster sessions as well as review articles derived from EAC lectures.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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