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Free Content Human factors engineering validation study for a novel 0.1-mg epinephrine auto-injector

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Background:

Anaphylaxis in infants and young children is increasing. Historically, epinephrine auto-injectors (EAI) were not available in a dose or platform designed for patients who weighed <15 kg, and, therefore, 0.15-mg EAIs were prescribed for these patients. Results of ultrasound studies indicate that currently marketed 0.15-mg EAIs have needle lengths that may strike bone in ∼29 to 43% of patients who weigh <15 kg and result in possible intraosseous injection. An EAI with a more weight-appropriate 0.1-mg dose and shorter needle length has been developed to potentially help minimize the risk of striking bone during epinephrine injection in patients who weigh 7.5‐15 kg.

Objective:

A human factors usability study was completed to validate the 0.1-mg EAI user interface.

Methods:

This study was conducted with parents of children who were severely allergic so to evaluate simulated use of the 0.1-mg EAI by the intended user group. Fifteen participants were enrolled and received training on using the 0.1-mg EAI. Approximately 24 hours later, the participants completed a simulated emergency-use scenario by using the 0.1-mg EAI with an infant manikin. The primary end point was successful simulated administration of a meaningful epinephrine dose.

Results:

All the participants simulated administration of a meaningful epinephrine dose. Fourteen participants successfully used the 0.1-mg EAI per the instructions for use in the simulated emergency-use scenario. One participant did not press the EAI against the thigh for the length of time defined for this critical task; however, the EAI was pressed long enough for complete delivery of the 0.1-mg dose.

Conclusion:

This study validated the user interface of the 0.1-mg EAI for the intended users, uses, and use environments.
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Keywords: 0.1 mg epinephrine; AUVI-Q; anaphylaxis; autoinjector; bone strike; human factors; infant; life-threatening allergy; needle length; usability study

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: From Departments of Innovation, Development & Industrialization and Clinical Development kaleo, Inc., Richmond, Virginia 2: Core Human Factors, Inc., Bala Cynwyd, Pennsylvania

Publication date: November 1, 2018

This article was made available online on August 29, 2018 as a Fast Track article with title: "Human factors engineering validation study for a novel 0.1-mg epinephrine auto-injector ".

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  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma and by having the potential to directly impact the quality of patient care. AAP welcomes the submission of original works including peer-reviewed original research and clinical trial results. Additionally, as the official journal of the Eastern Allergy Conference (EAC), AAP will publish content from EAC poster sessions as well as review articles derived from EAC lectures.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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