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Cross-sectional study on Asthma Insights and Management in the Gulf and Russia

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Background:

Asthma is a chronic and complex lung disease that is not completely understood. It involves airway inflammation, reversible airflow obstruction, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness. The most common symptoms are recurrent wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath, and coughing.

Objective:

The Asthma Insights and Management study gathered information on the burden of asthma in the Gulf region (United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia) and Russia.

Methods:

This was a cross-sectional, multinational, noninterventional, two-phase study that collected data from patients ages ≥ 12 years, through interviews and a survey questionnaire. Phase 1 consisted of survey questions focused on estimating the asthma prevalence in the community. Phase 2 was designed to assess the level of asthma control, asthma-related perceptions and behaviors, and presentation patterns. Data were summarized by using descriptive analyses.

Results:

Analysis of data of 711 patients revealed that the prevalence of asthma among patients who lived in the community was 7.9% and that 66% subjectively perceived their asthma as being controlled. However, 97% of the patients' asthma were partially controlled or uncontrolled based on the Global initiative for Asthma control classification. Troubling symptoms were daytime coughing (33.3%) and shortness of breath (20.3%). With respect to medications for asthma, 76.2% of the patients reported the use of quick relief medication and 80.8% of maintenance medication during the past 4 weeks. Asthma exacerbation in the past year was reported by 40% of adults and adolescents in the study.

Conclusion:

The results showed that a significant proportion of the patients experienced bothersome symptoms and that many had a lack of knowledge about asthma control and treatment recommendations, which indicated that there is a need for improvements in patient education and asthma care in the Gulf and Russia regions.
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Keywords: Activity; GINA classification; Kuwait; Middle East; Russia; asthma; control; exacerbations; function; the Gulf

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: From the Division of Respirology, Zayed Military Hospital, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 2: Pulmonary Division, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 3: Department of Medicine, Kuwait University, Kuwait City, Kuwait 4: Immunology Department, National Research Center Institute of Immunology, Federal Medical Biological Agency, Moscow, Russia 5: Center for Observational and Real-World Evidence (CORE), Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, New Jersey 6: Global Medical Affairs, Merck & Co. Inc., Kenilworth, New Jersey 7: Real-World & Analytics Solutions, IQVIA, Dubai, United Arab Emirates

Publication date: November 1, 2018

This article was made available online on October 16, 2018 as a Fast Track article with title: "Cross-sectional study on Asthma Insights and Management in the Gulf and Russia".

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma and by having the potential to directly impact the quality of patient care. AAP welcomes the submission of original works including peer-reviewed original research and clinical trial results. Additionally, as the official journal of the Eastern Allergy Conference (EAC), AAP will publish content from EAC poster sessions as well as review articles derived from EAC lectures.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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