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Association between psoriasis and asthma risk: A meta-analysis

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Background:

Psoriasis has been shown to be related to an increased risk of asthma, although the results remain inconclusive. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to determine whether psoriasis increases the risk of asthma.

Methods:

A comprehensive search of medical literature data bases was conducted through May 2017. The pooled odds ratios (OR) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated.

Results:

A total of six studies with 66,772 psoriasis cases and 577,415 controls were included. Our meta-analysis showed that psoriasis was significantly associated with the increased risk of asthma (OR 1.32 [95% CI, 1.20‐1.46]). The older age patients with psoriasis (≥50 years) (OR 1.64 [95% CI, 1.44‐1.88]) had a higher risk of asthma susceptibility compared with the younger patients (20‐49 years old) (OR 1.25 [95% CI 1.09‐1.44]). Subgroup analysis by ethnicity indicated a significant increase in asthma risk in both Asian populations (OR 1.35 [95% CI, 1.18‐1.54]) and white populations (OR 1.27 [95% CI, 1.05‐1.54]) with psoriasis compared with those without psoriasis.

Conclusion:

Results of this meta-analysis indicated that the patients with psoriasis had a higher risk of asthma susceptibility, especially among the older patients with psoriasis.
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Keywords: Psoriasis; asthma; meta-analysis; susceptibility

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2018

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma and by having the potential to directly impact the quality of patient care. AAP welcomes the submission of original works including peer-reviewed original research and clinical trial results. Additionally, as the official journal of the Eastern Allergy Conference (EAC), AAP will publish content from EAC poster sessions as well as review articles derived from EAC lectures.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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