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The effect of omalizumab treatment on the low affinity immunoglobulin E receptor (CD23/fc epsilon RII) in patients with severe allergic asthma

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Background:

Omalizumab is an anti‐immunoglobulin E (IgE) monoclonal antibody used in the treatment of severe asthma. Its therapeutic efficacy is primarily attributed to reduction of serum-free IgE and in the expression of high-affinity IgE receptor, fc epsilon RI. However, its effect on the low-affinity IgE receptor fc epsilon RII/CD23 in vivo has not been evaluated.

Aim:

To determine whether CD23 plays a role in the inflammatory process in severe uncontrolled asthma and whether anti-IgE therapy modulates fc epsilon RII/CD23 expression in these patients.

Methods:

We evaluated the expression of IgE receptors fc epsilon RI, fc epsilon RII/CD23, and soluble CD23 (sCD23), and the activation state of peripheral blood monocytes (tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin (IL) 1-beta, transforming growth factor (TGF) beta expression) in the patients with severe asthma before and after 24 weeks of omalizumab treatment and in the healthy controls. Cytokine expression of monocytes in response to different stimulation (IL-4, IL-4 plus IgE, IL-4 plus IgE plus anti-IgE, and IL-4 plus IgE plus anti-IgE plus anti-CD23 for 72 hours) was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

Results:

Treatment with omalizumab (for 24 weeks) improved disease control and pulmonary function (forced expiratory volume in the first second of expiration, 64.5 versus 74%; p = 0.021). Mean ± SE expression of fc epsilon RI on monocytes was higher in the patients with asthma versus the controls (45.7 ± 12.2% versus 18.6 ± 5.8%; p = 0.04) and was reduced after omalizumab treatment (45.7 ± 12.2% versus 15.6 ± 4.4%; p = 0.027). Mean ± SE TGF-beta levels in supernatants from monocytes were reduced in the patients treated with omalizumab (211 ± 6 pg/mL versus 184 ± 9 pg/mL; p = 0.036).

Conclusion:

Modulation of the low affinity IgE receptor CD23 in severe asthma is complex, and sCD23 may inversely reflect disease activity. Treatment with omalizumab was associated with reduced monocyte activation.
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Keywords: Asthma; CD23; FCeRI; FEV; IgE; monocyte; omalizumab

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2018

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma and by having the potential to directly impact the quality of patient care. AAP welcomes the submission of original works including peer-reviewed original research and clinical trial results. Additionally, as the official journal of the Eastern Allergy Conference (EAC), AAP will publish content from EAC poster sessions as well as review articles derived from EAC lectures.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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