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Involvement of microRNAs in skin disorders: A literature review

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Background:

miRNAs are a class of noncoding RNA molecules that modulate gene expression after transcription. It is known that miRNAs are involved in various cellular processes of both normal and diseased skin. Recently, differential expressions of miRNAs have been reported and associated with several immunologic and inflammatory disorders, which indicate a common role in fundamental biologic processes.

Objective:

To collect and review data from the literature on involvement of miRNA in inflammatory skin disorders.

Methods:

A bibliographic search of scientific literature was carried out independently by two researchers in scientific data bases and search engines. The MeSH terms used were the following: “microRNAs” combined with “skin,” “dermatitis,” “urticaria,” “eczema,” “hypersensitivity.” All research articles from inception until April 2016 were considered.

Results:

A total of 11 research articles on the study of miRNAs in inflammatory skin disorders (atopic dermatitis, delayed-type hypersensitivity, eczema, toxic epidermal necrolysis) were identified. All the studies confirmed the main role of endogenous noncoding RNAs in diseases such as atopic dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, eczema, and toxic epidermal necrolysis.

Conclusion:

The miRNAs seem to influence regulatory mechanisms of inflammation in both inducing and contrasting acute and chronic skin inflammation. They also seem to be useful instruments in identifying and staging diseases such as dermatitis and other inflammatory skin diseases. Also, the potential application of miRNAs in genetic therapies demonstrated its efficacy on animal models.
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Keywords: MicroRNAs; atopic dermatitis; delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction; dermatitis; eczema; hypersensitivity; miR; miRNA; skin; toxic epidermal necrolysis

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2017

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma and by having the potential to directly impact the quality of patient care. AAP welcomes the submission of original works including peer-reviewed original research and clinical trial results. Additionally, as the official journal of the Eastern Allergy Conference (EAC), AAP will publish content from EAC poster sessions as well as review articles derived from EAC lectures.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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