Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Idiopathic CD4 lymphocytopenia

Buy Article:

$36.50 + tax (Refund Policy)

Background:

Idiopathic CD4 lymphocytopenia (ICL) is a rare disorder of unknown etiology. Diagnostic criteria include a persistent CD4 T-cell lymphopenia with no underlying primary or secondary immune deficiencies and a CD4 T-cell count of <300 cells/mL or <20% total lymphocyte on multiple occasions.

Objective:

To increase awareness of ICL and to provide a review of the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and management of this disease process. Presently, many of these patients receive prophylactic treatment similar to other T-cell deficient conditions, most notably patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; however, the same indications may not necessarily apply to this patient population because the T cells are not affected by a virus as in HIV.

Methods:

A literature search of salient articles that describe case reports and case series of ICL and their management were analyzed.

Results:

A case of ICL with a literature review is presented with emphasis on clinical pearls and pitfalls. The patients with ICL are usually identified with a CD4 count of <200 cells/mL when complications develop. Opportunistic infections are the most common initial manifestations. Current therapies used to increase CD4 levels include interleukin 2, interferon gamma, interleukin 7, and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, with variable results.

Conclusion:

ICL is a diagnosis of exclusion when there is no identifiable underlying cause for a low CD4 count. Although the nature of the T-cell problem is not the same in ICL and HIV, in the absence of specific guidelines, patients receive the same prophylactic treatment as patients with HIV.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: CD4 count; HIV; ICL; Idiopathic CD4 lymphocytopenia; T-cells; antibiotic prophylaxis; cytology; immunodeficiency; lymphopenia; opportunistic infections

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1Department of Medical Education, Heart of Lancaster Regional Medical Center, Lititz, Pennsylvania, USA

Publication date: November 1, 2016

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma and by having the potential to directly impact the quality of patient care. AAP welcomes the submission of original works including peer-reviewed original research and clinical trial results. Additionally, as the official journal of the Eastern Allergy Conference (EAC), AAP will publish content from EAC poster sessions as well as review articles derived from EAC lectures.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Reprint Requests
  • www.AJRA.com
  • www.AllergyandRhinology.com
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more