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Safety and efficacy of beclomethasone dipropionate delivered by breath-actuated or metered-dose inhaler for persistent asthma

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Breath-actuated inhalers (BAI) have been developed to simplify the delivery of inhaled medication.


To evaluate the safety and efficacy of beclomethasone dipropionate hydrofluoroalkane BAI and metered-dose inhaler (MDI) versus placebo in patients who previously used a mid- to high-dose inhaled corticosteroid or inhaled corticosteroid/long-acting beta agonist for persistent asthma.


This phase III study included five treatment groups: placebo, and four beclomethasone dipropionate groups (BAI 320 μg/day, BAI 640 μg/day, MDI 320 μg/day, and MDI 640 μg/day). Efficacy over 12 weeks was assessed by spirometry, peak flow measurements, and other clinical end points. Safety was assessed by adverse events.


Baseline-adjusted trough morning forced expiratory volume in 1 second area under the effect curve from time 0 to 12 weeks (primary end point) was increased in the BAI 320 and BAI 640 μg/day groups and the MDI 640 μg/day group versus placebo (not significant). Clinically important improvements were noted in morning and evening peak expiratory flow and decreased rescue medications. More patients who received placebo than patients in active treatment groups withdrew due to meeting the stopping criteria for worsening asthma. Patients in the active treatment groups experienced a greater decrease in asthma symptoms than patients in the placebo group. Quality of life and Asthma Control Test scores improved in the active treatment groups compared with the placebo group (p ≤ 0.0074). The most common adverse events (>5% in any group) were oral candidiasis and upper respiratory tract infection.


Clinical benefits for patients who used BAI 320 and 640 μg/day and MDI 640 μg/day were demonstrated. The safety profiles of BAI 320 and 640 μg/day were comparable with that of the MDI. These benefits and the continued need for better symptom control among patients with asthma support the continued development of this controller medication. identifier NCT02031640.
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Keywords: Administration; anti-asthmatic agents/therapeutic use; asthma/drug therapy; beclomethasone adverse events; beclomethasone/administration & dosage; beclomethasone/therapeutic use; comparative study; controlled clinical trial; inhalation; lung diseases/drug therapy; treatment outcome

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2016

This article was made available online on August 9, 2016 as a Fast Track article with title: "Safety and efficacy of beclomethasone dipropionate delivered by breath-actuated or metered-dose inhaler for persistent asthma".

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma and by having the potential to directly impact the quality of patient care. AAP welcomes the submission of original works including peer-reviewed original research and clinical trial results. Additionally, as the official journal of the Eastern Allergy Conference (EAC), AAP will publish content from EAC poster sessions as well as review articles derived from EAC lectures.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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