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Clinical and health promotion asthma management: an intervention for children and adolescents

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Background:

Asthma is the leading chronic condition among children. Given this international burden, clinicians and public health professionals applied the Expanded Chronic Care Model to address health adversities of pediatric patients with asthma.

Objective:

This study examined the influence of a clinical health promotion initiative on asthma control and appropriate medication management among pediatric patients.

Methods:

Patients (n = 304) were recruited and screened for participation in this study. All the patients participated in a motivational interview, received clinical care, and were monitored longitudinally. Eligible patients (n = 53) were referred to one or more intervention pathways regarding physical activity, nutrition, smoking cessation, and psychosocial wellness. A comparison group (n = 90) was eligible for an intervention but chose not to participate. This analysis focused on patients who were identified as needing a health intervention beyond asthma clinical care.

Results:

Among patients who were invited to participate in the health promotion pathways, significant decreases in asthma exacerbation were achieved by the patients who participated in the intervention compared with those who did not participate (p = 0.018). Significant improvements in asthma exacerbation, activity limitations, and asthma control were attributed to the time in clinical care (p < 0.001). In this group, asthma control significantly improved with medication (p = 0.002), and age was associated with a significant decrease in asthma exacerbation (p = 0.011).

Conclusions:

This pilot study demonstrated preliminary benefits in a child asthma population. In addition, this experience addressed the chronicity of pediatric asthma through patient-centered care.
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Keywords: Pediatrics; allergy; asthma; clinical health promotion; exercise; expanded chronic care model; intervention; nutrition; psychosocial; smoking cessation

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1Centro Io e l’Asma, Ospedale dei Bambini, Spedali Civili, Brescia, Italy

Publication date: 01 July 2016

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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