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Serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein can be an airway inflammation predictor in bronchial asthma

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It is controversial that the serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) can be a useful marker of airway inflammation in bronchial asthma, because various factors have been reported to affect hs-CRP levels. We conducted a study in patients with mild bronchial asthma without complications to determine whether hs-CRP is a useful indicator of airway inflammation. The induced sputum cell differentiation, respiratory function tests, bronchial hyperresponsiveness tests, and hs-CRP measurement were performed in the subject population consisted of 40 healthy volunteers and 45 patients with bronchial asthma. The log-transformed (log) serum hs-CRP level was higher in asthmatic patients compared with healthy controls (2.49 ± 0.41 versus 2.21 ± 0.39; p = 0.002). A receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed a sensitivity of 0.69 and specificity of 0.70 for a log serum hs-CPR of 2.3 to distinguish asthmatic patents from healthy controls. The log serum hs-CRP level negatively correlated with forced volume in 1 second (FEV1.0)%pred (r = −0.31, p = 0.04), positively correlated with sputum eosinophils (r = 0.34, p = 0.02), negatively correlated with sputum macrophages (r = −0.56, p < 0.001), and did not correlate with log 20% fall in FEV1.0 (PC20) (r = −0.09, p = 0.56). A multiple regression analysis revealed that the log serum hs-CRP concentration significantly correlated with eosinophils (p = 0.019) and neutrophils (p = 0.042) in the sputum, respectively. Serum hs-CRP may be a useful marker of airway inflammation in nonsmoking asthmatic patients without complications, such as heart disease, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or infection.
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Keywords: Airway inflammation; airway obstruction; bronchial asthma; high-sensitivity C-reactive protein

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Clinical Research Center, Fukuoka National Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan

Publication date: 01 March 2015

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  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma and by having the potential to directly impact the quality of patient care. AAP welcomes the submission of original works including peer-reviewed original research and clinical trial results. Additionally, as the official journal of the Eastern Allergy Conference (EAC), AAP will publish content from EAC poster sessions as well as review articles derived from EAC lectures.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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