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Secondhand tobacco smoke exposure in low-income children and its association with asthma

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Secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) is a common indoor environmental exposure that is particularly prevalent in low-income families. It has been found to be associated with asthma in some studies; however, across all relevant studies, results have been conflicting. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of SHS exposure in the home environment in a low-income, minority population and to determine the association of exposure with childhood asthma, wheeze, and oral corticosteroids use. This retrospective study analyzed self-reported data collected as part of the Kansas City Safe and Healthy Homes Partnership to determine prevalence of SHS exposure. A logistic regression model was then used to assess the association between exposure and asthma, oral steroid use, and wheeze. Overall, 40% of children lived with at least one smoker and 15% of children lived with at least one smoker who smoked inside the house. No significant association was found between asthma or oral corticosteroid use and SHS exposure. Children who lived with a smoker had a 1.54 increased odds of wheeze in the past year. A large percentage of low-income children in the Kansas City area continue to suffer the adverse effects of SHS. These data support the need for innovative public policy to protect children from such exposure in their home environment.
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Keywords: Asthma; disadvantaged background; environmental health; environmental tobacco smoke; epidemiology; oral corticosteroids; pediatrics; secondhand smoke; secondhand smoke exposure prevalence; tobacco smoke; wheeze

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Pediatrics and Center for Environmental Health, Children’s Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, Missouri, USA

Publication date: November 1, 2014

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma and by having the potential to directly impact the quality of patient care. AAP welcomes the submission of original works including peer-reviewed original research and clinical trial results. Additionally, as the official journal of the Eastern Allergy Conference (EAC), AAP will publish content from EAC poster sessions as well as review articles derived from EAC lectures.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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