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Efficacy and safety of ribosome-component immune modulator for preventing recurrent respiratory infections in socialized children

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Attending day care is associated with recurrent respiratory infections (RRIs) and asthma. Ribosomal immunotherapy may confer protection against RRIs in children. This study was designed to assess the efficacy of a ribosome-component immune modulator (RCIM) as preventive treatment of respiratory infections in socialized children aged ≤5 years, with or without a history of frequent RRI. In a multicenter, Italian, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study, 164 socialized day care center children (mean age, 3.8 ± 1.1 years) were treated with RCIM or placebo for 6 months and followed-up for additional 6 months. Outcomes are presented for the intent-to-treat population. In socialized children with five or less RRIs (n = 95; 49 RCIM and 46 placebo, group A) the duration of the infectious episodes was significantly shorter with RCIM than with placebo (6 months, 3.7 ± 2.1 versus 4.5 ± 1.9 days, p = 0.040; 12 months, 3.6 ± 2.0 versus 4.7 ± 2.5 days, p = 0.015). The proportion of patients reporting no respiratory infectious episodes with RCIM at 6 and 12 months was also significantly larger in group A (20.4% versus 4.4% placebo; p = 0.028). No such differences were found in children with more than five RRIs in the preceding year (n = 63; 32 RCIM and 31 placebo, group B). In all children, general well-being improved significantly more under RCIM than under placebo (11.6 ± 1.8% versus 10.2 ± 1.8%; p = 0.002). No statistically significant between-treatment differences were observed for other end points. Both treatments were similarly well tolerated. Six-month treatment with RCIM effectively prevented the 12-month risk of RRIs in children <5 years old and with five or less RRIs in the preceding year.
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Keywords: Acute respiratory infections; children; immune modulator; immunotherapy; lower respiratory tract infection; prevention; recurrent respiratory infections; ribosomal fractions; ribosome-component immune modulator; upper respiratory tract infection

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 March 2012

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma and by having the potential to directly impact the quality of patient care. AAP welcomes the submission of original works including peer-reviewed original research and clinical trial results. Additionally, as the official journal of the Eastern Allergy Conference (EAC), AAP will publish content from EAC poster sessions as well as review articles derived from EAC lectures.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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