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Pranlukast dry syrup inhibits symptoms of Japanese cedar pollinosis in children using OHIO Chamber

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Pranlukast (PLK) is a leukotriene receptor antagonist (LTRA) that has been approved for treatment of asthma in patients of all ages and allergic rhinitis (AR) in adults but not for AR in children in Japan. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study used an artificial exposure chamber (OHIO Chamber) to investigate the efficacy and safety of PLK in children from 10 to 15 years old with seasonal AR (SAR) due to Japanese cedar (JC) pollen. Eighty-four subjects were enrolled and randomized to the treatment arm and 74 were included in the per protocol set. Subjects received either PLK dry syrup (DS) or placebo for 1 week. They were challenged with JC pollen in the OHIO Chamber for 3 hours. Total nasal symptom scores (TNSSs) were recorded every 30 minutes during the exposure. PLK DS treatment suppressed the TNSS changes from baseline significantly when compared with placebo. The difference in the least square means in TNSS between the PLK DS‐treated group and placebo group was −0.37 (95% CI, −0.54, −0.20) with a value of p < 0.0001, showing that PLK DS significantly suppressed the nasal symptoms. Regarding specific nasal symptoms, PLK DS significantly suppressed sneezing, nasal discharge, and nasal obstruction. The effect of PLK DS on nasal obstruction was most prominent, with significant improvement relative to placebo beginning 60 minutes after the start of exposure. No serious adverse events were reported during the study. In this study, PLK DS is effective and safe for treatment in children with SAR.
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Keywords: Artificial exposure chamber; Japanese cedar pollinosis; OHIO chamber; children; double-blind; leukotriene receptor antagonist; nasal obstruction; placebo-controlled; pranlukast; seasonal allergic rhinitis

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Kitasato Institute Hospital, Tokyo, Japan

Publication date: January 1, 2012

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  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma and by having the potential to directly impact the quality of patient care. AAP welcomes the submission of original works including peer-reviewed original research and clinical trial results. Additionally, as the official journal of the Eastern Allergy Conference (EAC), AAP will publish content from EAC poster sessions as well as review articles derived from EAC lectures.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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