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Chlamydophila pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae infections, and asthma control

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The influence of respiratory infections on asthma has not been fully understood. Acute viral and bacterial infections often lead to exacerbations. Less is known about the role of chronic infections, particularly with atypical pathogens. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of Chlamydophila pneumoniae and Mycoplasma pneumoniae infections on the control and severity of asthma. Spirometry, skin-prick tests as well as measurement of immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgM, and IgA against C. pneumoniae and M. pneumoniae (ELISA) were performed in 95 patients with persistent asthma and 58 healthy controls. Additionally, in the selected group of asthmatic patients, presence of C. pneumoniae and M. pneumoniae genetic material was tested in induced sputum (polymerase chain reaction [PCR]). IgA against C. pneumoniae was found in 42 (44.2%) asthmatic patients and 17 (29.3%) controls (p < 0.05). It was found more often in the group with uncontrolled asthma (p = 0.001) as well as in nonatopic asthmatic patients (p < 0.05). IgG was detected in 58 asthmatic patients (61%) and 21 (36.2%) controls, more often in cases of uncontrolled (p < 0.05) and nonatopic asthma patients (p < 0.05). Such correlations were not found in relation to M. pneumoniae infections. C. pneumoniae was detected by means of PCR in respiratory secretions of eight asthmatic patients (40%), and M. pneumoniae was detected in two asthmatic patients (10%). In conclusion, C. pneumoniae infections are more frequent in asthmatic patients compared with healthy individuals and in nonatopic asthmatic patients compared to atopic patients. Chronic infection is associated with poor control of asthma.
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Keywords: Allergy; Chlamydophila pneumonia; Mycoplasma pneumoniae; asthma control; asthma exacerbation; asthma severity; atopy; atypical infections; chronic infection; respiratory infections

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Allergology, Medical University of Gdansk, Poland

Publication date: March 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma and by having the potential to directly impact the quality of patient care. AAP welcomes the submission of original works including peer-reviewed original research and clinical trial results. Additionally, as the official journal of the Eastern Allergy Conference (EAC), AAP will publish content from EAC poster sessions as well as review articles derived from EAC lectures.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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