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Adding montelukast to fluticasone propionate/salmeterol for control of asthma and seasonal allergic rhinitis

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Limited information exists comparing fluticasone propionate/salmeterol combination (FSC) versus montelukast (MON) in patients with coexistent asthma and allergic rhinitis. The purpose of this study was to compare the addition of MON to patients receiving FSC on asthma control while experiencing asthma and allergy symptoms. Additionally, the effect of fluticasone propionate aqueous nasal spray (FPANS) and MON were assessed in allergic rhinitis control. Symptomatic patients (n = 1385) with asthma and seasonal allergic rhinitis were randomized to receive FSC, 100/50 micrograms twice daily; FSC twice daily + FPANS, 200 micrograms once daily; FSC twice daily + MON, 10 mg once daily; or MON once daily for 4 weeks during the allergy pollen season. Patients recorded peak expiratory flow, rescue albuterol use, and asthma and rhinitis symptoms. No additional improvements in overall asthma control were seen when MON was added to FSC. Treatment with FSC produced significant (p < 0.001) improvements in all clinical and patient-reported measures versus MON. FSC + FPANS was superior to FSC + MON (p ≤ 0.001) in improving daytime and nighttime total nasal symptom scores. Adverse events were similar. In patients with asthma and allergic rhinitis, adding MON to FSC provided no additional benefit in asthma control. FSC resulted in superior improvement in asthma control compared with MON. FPANS also provided superior nasal symptom control versus MON in allergic patients treated with FSC for asthma. Optimal disease control in patients with asthma and allergic rhinitis should be achieved by the most effective therapy directed toward each disease component.
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Keywords: Allergic rhinitis; asthma; fluticasone propionate; inhaled corticosteroids; leukotriene receptor antagonists; long-acting beta-agonists; montelukast; nasal symptom scores; salmeterol; symptoms

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: National Jewish Health, Denver, Colorado, USA

Publication date: January 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma and by having the potential to directly impact the quality of patient care. AAP welcomes the submission of original works including peer-reviewed original research and clinical trial results. Additionally, as the official journal of the Eastern Allergy Conference (EAC), AAP will publish content from EAC poster sessions as well as review articles derived from EAC lectures.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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