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Efficacy and safety of budesonide/formoterol pressurized metered-dose inhaler: Randomized controlled trial comparing once- and twice-daily dosing in patients with asthma

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Asthma guidelines recommend titrating maintenance medications to the lowest effective dose. This study assessed the efficacy and tolerability of reducing the frequency of dosing in patients previously controlled with twice-daily budesonide/formoterol (BUD/FM) pressurized metered-dose inhaler (pMDI) to once-daily regimens of BUD/FM pMDI or BUD pMDI. This was a 12-week, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, placebo (PBO)/active-controlled, multicenter study (N = 752) of patients aged ≥16 years with mild to moderate asthma. After 4‐5 weeks on single-blind BUD/FM pMDI 160/9 micrograms twice daily (320/18 micrograms daily), patients with stable asthma received BUD/FM pMDI 160/9 micrograms twice daily (320/18 micrograms daily; morning and evening), BUD/FM pMDI 320/9 micrograms once daily (evening), BUD/FM pMDI 160/9 micrograms once daily (evening), BUD pMDI 320 micrograms once daily (evening), or PBO. BUD/FM (once or twice daily) was more effective (p ≤ 0.003) than BUD and PBO on evening peak expiratory flow (primary variable), morning pulmonary function assessments, daily symptoms, and nighttime rescue medication use. Twice-daily BUD/FM was more effective (p ≤ 0.05) than both once-daily doses for evening pulmonary function assessments and daytime rescue medication use. All treatments were well tolerated. Once- or twice-daily BUD/FM showed better efficacy than BUD once daily or PBO; results generally were more favorable with twice-daily dosing compared with both once-daily dosing regimens, which had one-half the daily FM dose.
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Keywords: Asthma; asthma control; budesonide; dosing regimen; efficacy; formoterol; once-daily dosing; pressurized metered-dose inhaler; pulmonary function; safety

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Allergy and Asthma Associates, 27800 Medical Center Road, Mission Viejo, CA 92691, USA. [email protected]

Publication date: January 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma and by having the potential to directly impact the quality of patient care. AAP welcomes the submission of original works including peer-reviewed original research and clinical trial results. Additionally, as the official journal of the Eastern Allergy Conference (EAC), AAP will publish content from EAC poster sessions as well as review articles derived from EAC lectures.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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