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A comparison of olopatadine 0.2% ophthalmic solution versus fluticasone furoate nasal spray for the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis

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Allergic conjunctivitis is an inflammatory condition of the ocular surface characterized by ocular itching, redness, tearing, chemosis, and eyelid swelling. The purpose of this study was to assess the comparative efficacy of an ophthalmic antihistamine/mast cell stabilizer solution and an intranasal steroid at reducing the signs and symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis induced by the conjunctival allergen challenge (CAC) model. Sixty subjects were enrolled in a single center, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-treatment, four-visit CAC study. After titration and confirmation of the allergic reaction at visits 1 and 2, subjects were randomized at visit 3 into one of 4 treatment groups (olopatadine 0.2% ophthalmic solution, fluticasone furoate nasal spray, a tear substitute, or saline nasal spray), dosed with study medication, and challenged 15 minutes later, after which ocular allergic signs and symptoms were assessed. Subjects continued treatment of the assigned medication for 6 days. At visit 4, subjects underwent similar procedures to those performed at visit 3. Fifty-nine subjects completed the study. Olopatadine 0.2% ophthalmic solution showed statistical and clinical superiority over fluticasone furoate nasal spray at all post-CAC time points after a single dose (p < 0.001) and after a 1-week loading period (p < 0.01) for ocular itching, the primary end point. Similarly, olopatadine 0.2% showed statistical and clinical superiority over fluticasone furoate for the majority of time points for ocular redness, tearing, chemosis, and eyelid swelling. Olopatadine 0.2% ophthalmic solution was statistically and clinically superior to fluticasone furoate nasal spray for the relief of signs and symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis.
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Keywords: Allergic conjunctivitis; Pataday; Veramyst; allergic rhinitis; allergy; conjunctival allergen challenge; fluticasone furoate; intranasal corticosteroid; olopatadine; rhinoconjunctivitis

Document Type: Original Article

Affiliations: Children's Mercy Hospital & Clinics, Kansas City, Missouri, Division of Allergy and Immunology, Departments of Medicine, Pediatrics, and Basic Science, University of Missouri–Kansas City School of Medicine, Kansas City, Missouri, USA. [email protected]

Publication date: November 1, 2008

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  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma and by having the potential to directly impact the quality of patient care. AAP welcomes the submission of original works including peer-reviewed original research and clinical trial results. Additionally, as the official journal of the Eastern Allergy Conference (EAC), AAP will publish content from EAC poster sessions as well as review articles derived from EAC lectures.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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