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Free Content Efficacy of levocetirizine compared with montelukast in subjects with ragweed-induced seasonal allergic rhinitis in the Environmental Exposure Unit

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Levocetirizine dihydrochloride, a potent H1-receptor antagonist, and montelukast sodium, a selective leukotriene receptor antagonist, have been approved for the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR), but target two different pathways that cause SAR symptoms. The study objective was to compare the efficacy of levocetirizine (LCTZ), 5 mg, and montelukast (MLKT), 10 mg, in reducing SAR symptoms in ragweed-sensitive adults exposed to ragweed pollen in the Environmental Exposure Unit (EEU). This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study of 418 adult subjects with SAR to ragweed compared the efficacy of LCTZ, MLKT, and placebo administered once daily (11:00 A.M.) for 2 consecutive days in the EEU. There were three evaluation periods: period I, 0–5 hours after first dose; period II, 22.5–24 hours after first dose; and period III, 0–4.5 hours after second dose. The primary efficacy variable was the Major Symptom Complex (MSC) score (six symptoms) over period I. Both active drugs significantly improved the MSC score compared with placebo in all periods. The adjusted mean MSC score difference between LCTZ and MLKT was −0.93 (p = 0.100) in period I, −3.11 (p < 0.001) in period II, −2.42 (p < 0.001) in period III, and −1.88 (p < 0.001) over the total treatment period. The same trends were observed for the Total Symptom Complex score (10 symptoms) and most individual symptoms. Subject-reported global satisfaction was greater for LCTZ compared with MLKT and placebo. All treatments had a favorable safety profile. LCTZ, 5 mg, was more effective than MLKT, 10 mg, in subjects with SAR and had better subject-reported global satisfaction.
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Keywords: Allergic rhinitis; EEU; Environmental Exposure Unit; antihistamine; efficacy; leukotriene receptor antagonist; levocetirizine; montelukast; pollen; ragweed

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Medicine, Queen's University and Division of Allergy and Immunology, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, Ontario, Canada

Publication date: May 1, 2008

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  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma and by having the potential to directly impact the quality of patient care. AAP welcomes the submission of original works including peer-reviewed original research and clinical trial results. Additionally, as the official journal of the Eastern Allergy Conference (EAC), AAP will publish content from EAC poster sessions as well as review articles derived from EAC lectures.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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