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Analysis of high-affinity IgE receptor (FcεR1) polymorphisms in patients with aspirin-intolerant chronic urticaria

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Chronic urticaria (CU) associated with aspirin sensitivity, termed aspirin-intolerant CU (AICU), is a common condition in the general population. The genetic mechanism of AICU still is not fully understood. We investigated genetic polymorphisms of FcεR1 and FcεR1 in patients with CU including AICU and aspirin-tolerant CU (ATCU) by analyzing the genotypes and haplotypes of four subsets of FcεR1 genes in association with various clinical parameters. Four polymorphisms of FcεR1 (FcεR1 –109T>C, FcεR1 E237G, FcεR1 –237A>G, and FcεR1 –54G>T) were genotyped in 119 AICU patients and compared with 154 patients with ATCU and 224 normal healthy controls (NCs). No significant differences were observed with respect to the allele and genotype frequencies of all four FcεR1 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; p > 0.05) in CU including AICU and ATCU patients. However, two SNPs at FcεR1 E237G and FcεR1 –237A>G were associated with atopy in AICU patients but not in ATCU. AICU patients with the AG/GG genotype of FcεR1 E237G and FcεR1 –237G allele had a significantly higher frequency of atopy than those with the AA genotype (p = 0.02 and p = 0.040), respectively. The release of histamine from basophils induced by anti-IgE antibodies was significantly higher in AICU patients than in NCs and was increased in atopic patients compared with nonatopic patients (p = 0.006 and p = 0.007, respectively). The FcεR1 E237G and FcεR1 –237T>G polymorphisms may be associated with the rate of atopy, which in turn could increase the release of histamine from basophils and may lead to the development of the AICU phenotype.
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Keywords: Aspirin; FceosilonR1beta; FcepsilonR1gamma; atopy; chronic urticaria; genetic polymorphism; high-affinity IgE receptor

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Allergy and Rheumatology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, South Korea

Publication date: May 1, 2008

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  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

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    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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