The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of esophageal candidiasis in asthma patients who are on inhaled steroids without any other risk factors for esophageal candidiasis by comparing the treatment group with the control group. Moreover, the oropharyngeal and esophageal Candida colonizations were evaluated in the subgroups of both control and treatment groups. Upper gastrointestinal system endoscopic evaluation was performed in 40 asthma patients who were on inhaled steroids for at least 1 month. The control group consisted of 40 steroid naïve patients without asthma. Oral and esophageal samples were obtained for performing quantitative culture. Candida growth in cultures without any clinical signs and symptoms was described as colonization. Candida growth accompanied by clinical signs and symptoms was described as infection. None of the patients in the control group had either esophageal or oropharyngeal candidiasis; however, one (2.5%) asthma patient had esophageal candidiasis and two (5%) asthma patients had oropharyngeal candidiasis. Esophageal and oropharyngeal Candida colonization was determined in 5 (22.7%) and 11 (50%) of the asthma patients and 7 (31%) and 9 (41%) of the control group, respectively. Although the mean numbers of Candida colonies were higher in the asthma group in both localizations, there were no statistically significant differences between the two groups regarding esophageal or oropharyngeal Candida colonization. The risk of esophageal candidiasis due to inhaled steroids is low and inhaled steroids may be used safely in terms of esophageal candidiasis. Future prospective studies are needed to draw more definitive conclusions.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
Adverse drug reaction;
Document Type: Research Article
From the Department Pulmonary Medicine,
Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, and
Department of Microbiology, Gazi University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
Publication date: September 1, 2007
More about this publication?
Allergy and Asthma Proceedings
is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.
The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma and by having the potential to directly impact the quality of patient care. AAP
welcomes the submission of original works including peer-reviewed original research and clinical trial results. Additionally, as the official journal of the Eastern Allergy Conference (EAC)
, AAP will publish content from EAC poster sessions as well as review articles derived from EAC lectures.
Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.
Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.
The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science
and Science Citation Index Expanded
, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed
- Editorial Board
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Information for Advertisers
- Reprint Requests
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites