Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Percentage of eosinophils with surface CD44 and levels of eosinophil cationic protein in the peripheral blood in children with bronchial asthma and their changes after montelukast therapy

Buy Article:

$36.50 + tax (Refund Policy)

Bronchial asthma (BA) is chronic inflammation of the respiratory tract with a role played by a variety of cells, particularly mast cells, eosinophils (Eo), and T lymphocytes. The serum levels of Eo cationic protein (S-ECP) reflect the severity of bronchial inflammation and the level of bronchial hyperreactivity in asthma patients. One of the most important adhesion molecules is CD44. We examined S-ECP, the percentage of Eo with surface CD44 expression (EoCD44), and Eo count in the peripheral blood of newly diagnosed pediatric atopic patients with intermittent and persistent mild BA according to the Global Iniative for Asthma 2002, in a proportion of patients 3 months after initiation of montelukast therapy. Ninety-seven children with BA had their medical history taken, and S-ECP, with the percentage of EoCD44 determined by direct fluorescence from whole blood using flow cytometry with a Coulter EPICS XL cytometer, and Eo count, total serum immunoglobulin E levels (S-IgE) were determined. Therapy with montelukast (5 mg daily) was started in 23 children. Three months after the first collection, a second S-ECP level and EoCD44 count determinations were made. An inverse correlation between S-ECP and EoCD44 (−0.602; p < 0.0001) was found in the 97 children with BA. In the 23 children receiving montelukast we documented inverse correlation of fluctuation on S-ECP and EoCD44 after 3 months. These results were not significant. An inverse correlation between S-ECP and percent of EoCD44 was established in the 97 children with asthma before therapy initiation. The lower percentage of EoCD44 in peripheral blood in asthmatic children is due to Eo inflammation activity and attests to massive Eo invasion into the airways. Determination of the percentage proportion of EoCD44 is another potential indirect marker of the multiple features of Eo inflammation.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2006

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma and by having the potential to directly impact the quality of patient care. AAP welcomes the submission of original works including peer-reviewed original research and clinical trial results. Additionally, as the official journal of the Eastern Allergy Conference (EAC), AAP will publish content from EAC poster sessions as well as review articles derived from EAC lectures.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Reprint Requests
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more