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Atopic Status in Patients with Sarcoidosis

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Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disorder that is characterized by T helper 1 (Th1)-mediated immune response at the sites of disease. Studies showed that T cells derived from patients with sarcoidosis have been able to release Th2 cytokine profile. However, they are believed to be suppressed and nonactive. This study investigated the rate of atopy, a Th2 condition, in sarcoidosis. Atopic status was assessed in 41 patients (13 men and 28 women; mean age, 47.6± 12.2 years) with sarcoidosis. Current history of atopic diseases, including asthma and allergic rhinitis, was assessed in clinical evaluation. Skin-prick tests were performed using a standardized panel. Total immunoglobulin E was measured by chemiluminescence automatic immunoassay. Results are discussed with the conjunction of previous epidemiological studies conducted in adult Turkish populations. Three patients (7%) had a diagnosis of asthma, whereas one patient (2%) had isolated allergicrhinitis. Skin-prick tests were positive in two patients (5%). This rate is much lower than the atopy prevalence in Turkey (5% versus 25%). Our data suggest that sarcoidosis may be associated with a lower incidence of atopy and allergic disease; further data are needed in other populations.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2005

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma and by having the potential to directly impact the quality of patient care. AAP welcomes the submission of original works including peer-reviewed original research and clinical trial results. Additionally, as the official journal of the Eastern Allergy Conference (EAC), AAP will publish content from EAC poster sessions as well as review articles derived from EAC lectures.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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