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Variations of Pollen and Mold Concentrations in 1998 during the Strong El Niño Event of 1997-1998 and Their Impact on Clinical Exacerbations of Allergic Rhinitis, Asthma, and Sinusitis

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Previous studies of pollen and mold dispersal have not correlated meteorological phenomena with clinical exacerbations of asthma, allergic rhinitis, and sinusitis. We utilized the resources of 11 New England Society of Allergy (NESA) pollen collectors, a certified palynologist, over a dozen weather stations for meteorological data, and 10 emergency rooms to explore the effects of the strong "El Niño" of 1997-1998 on our region during the 1998 pollen season. There was a marked increase in the number of clinical exacerbations of asthma, allergic rhinitis, and sinusitis in April, May, and June of 1998. Several emergency rooms reported a greater increase in visits for sinusitis as compared to asthma. In addition, maximum mold counts occurred two to three months earlier than in 1997. Maximum pollen counts were also higher than in 1997, and occurred two to four weeks earlier for most tree pollen types.
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Document Type: Regular Paper

Publication date: July 1, 2001

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma and by having the potential to directly impact the quality of patient care. AAP welcomes the submission of original works including peer-reviewed original research and clinical trial results. Additionally, as the official journal of the Eastern Allergy Conference (EAC), AAP will publish content from EAC poster sessions as well as review articles derived from EAC lectures.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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