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Effect of Inhaled Steroid Therapy on Distribution of Tc-99m DTPA Radioaerosol in Asthmatic Children

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of inhaled steroid therapy on the distribution of inhaled Tc-99m DTPA in asthmatic children. Twenty-one asthmatic children and 15 healthy controls were entered in this study. The distribution of radioaerosols was scored by using a modified standardized score system over both lungs and expressed as homogeneity score/patient. The baseline homogeneity score was calculated before the inhalation therapy of budesonide (400 g/day) for six months. The homogeneity score was repeated at the end of the second and sixth months of therapy. Asthmatic symptom scores and peak-flow rate variability, which were observed to improve throughout the study, were also recorded. Although homogeneity scores of the controls demonstrated no abnormality, mean baseline homogeneity scores of asthmatics was significantly high, 1.7 ± 0.4/patient, and decreased to 0.6 ± 0.2 and 0.3 ± 0.1/patient at the end of second and sixth months, respectively (p < 0.05). These results revealed significant improvement in the radioaerosol distribution after inhaled steroid therapy. It was concluded that the lack of homogeneity in the distribution of Tc99m-DTPA in the lung, as an indicator for ventilation defects, may be accepted as a useful, noninvasive tool to monitor the efficacy of the therapy with inhaled agents in childhood asthma.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: November 1, 2000

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma and by having the potential to directly impact the quality of patient care. AAP welcomes the submission of original works including peer-reviewed original research and clinical trial results. Additionally, as the official journal of the Eastern Allergy Conference (EAC), AAP will publish content from EAC poster sessions as well as review articles derived from EAC lectures.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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