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Late Phase Response During Nasal Challenge: Effect of Astemizole on Leukotriene B4 Levels

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Nasal provocation (NP) in allergic rhinitis patients can elicit a late phase inflammatory response in which interleukins (IL), leukotrienes (LT), and neutrophils have been implicated. Certain antihistamines have been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties. The objective was to determine whether astemizole at 10 mgs./day has any anti-inflammatory characteristics. We clinically evaluated 20 patients with allergic rhinitis and measured nasal IL-8 and LTB4 during NP with increasing doses of grass and ragweed antigen in a double-blind placebo-controlled fashion after a 4-week course of treatment. Clinical symptom scores for sneezing, pruritus, and rhinorrhea were evaluated. Nasal fluid was examined by ELISA and RIA for IL-8 and LTB4 levels along with neutrophil assessment before NP and at 3, 6, and 8 hours. Symptom scores for nasal sneezing, pruritus, rhinorrhea, and nasal LTB4 levels at 6 and 8 hours and IL-8 at 3, 6, and 8 hours were generally lower in astemizole-treated patients compared to those on placebo. Nasal IL-8 levels corresponded to LTB4 levels at diluent and at 6 hours in the placebo group (P = 0.01). The percentage of neutrophils correlated with LTB4 levels at baseline, coefficient = 0.76, P = 0.02 and at 6 hours, coefficient = 0.62, P = 0.035 in the placebo group. This study is the first to demonstrate an effect of astemizole during NP on IL-8 and LTB4 levels with a significant correlation of neutrophil numbers in untreated patients during the nasal late phase response.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 1996

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma and by having the potential to directly impact the quality of patient care. AAP welcomes the submission of original works including peer-reviewed original research and clinical trial results. Additionally, as the official journal of the Eastern Allergy Conference (EAC), AAP will publish content from EAC poster sessions as well as review articles derived from EAC lectures.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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