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Open Access Molecular systematics of Barbatosphaeria (Sordariomycetes): multigene phylogeny and secondary ITS structure

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Thirteen morphologically similar strains of barbatosphaeria- and tectonidula-like fungi were studied based on the comparison of cultural and morphological features of sexual and asexual morphs and phylogenetic analyses of five nuclear loci, i.e. internal transcribed spacer rDNA operon (ITS), large and small subunit nuclear ribosomal DNA, β-tubulin, and second largest subunit of RNA polymerase II. Phylogenetic results were supported by in-depth comparative analyses of common core secondary structure of ITS1 and ITS2 in all strains and the identification of non-conserved, co-evolving nucleotides that maintain base pairing in the RNA transcript. Barbatosphaeria is defined as a well-supported monophyletic clade comprising several lineages and is placed in the Sordariomycetes incertae sedis. The genus is expanded to encompass nine species with both septate and non-septate ascospores in clavate, stipitate asci with a non-amyloid apical annulus and non-stromatic ascomata with a long decumbent neck and carbonised wall often covered by pubescence. The asexual morphs are dematiaceous hyphomycetes with holoblastic conidiogenesis belonging to Ramichloridium and Sporothrix types. The morphologically similar Tectonidula, represented by the type species T. hippocrepida, grouped with members of Barbatosphaeria and is transferred to that genus. Four new species are introduced and three new combinations in Barbatosphaeria are proposed. A dichotomous key to species accepted in the genus is provided.

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Keywords: PHYLOGENETICS; RAMICHLORIDIUM; SEQUENCE ANALYSIS; SPACER REGIONS; SPOROTHRIX; TECTONIDULA

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 23, 2015

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  • Persoonia aims to publish papers dealing with molecular phylogeny and evolution of fungi. A further aim is to promote fungal taxonomy by employing a polythetic approach to clarify the true phylogeny and relationships within the kingdom Fungi. The journal publishes high-quality papers elucidating known and novel fungal taxa at the DNA level, and also strives to present novel insights into evolutionary processes and relationships. Papers to be considered include research articles and reviews.

    Papers are published using a Fast Track system. This implies that the papers are immediately published online and freely available through the internet via this website. Volumes appear twice a year (June and December). From Volume 36 onwards (2016) hard copy volumes will only be made available through printing-on-demand. The issues can be ordered separately through the Publication Division of Naturalis Biodiversity Center; e-mail: [email protected]

    Persoonia is a journal published jointly by the Naturalis Biodiversity Center and the Westerdijk Fungal Biodiversity Institute.
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