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Open Access Derris solorioides (Fabaceae), a new limestone species with true-paniculate inflorescences from North-Central Thailand

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Derris solorioides is described as a new species and illustrated. This species is only the second calciphilous and true-paniculate species of Derris ever recorded. The species was found in isolated and protected limestone areas surrounded by agricultural areas in Nakhon Sawan province, North-Central Thailand. It is characterized by its rather smaller flowers but with more ovules than other species of Derris, and 1-winged pods showing a dark-coloured pericarp around the seeds without thickening of the pericarp. The characters of the pods are similar to those found in Solori, a genus once synonymized with Derris and, therefore, the epithet 'solorioides' was assigned. This species appeared to be a distinct taxon in the molecular phylogeny, separate from its morphologically highly similar species, D. marginata. It is also a member of a lineage of Derris consisting of species with a deviating type of inflorescence: intermediate forms and true panicles, which is quite uncommon in this genus. The relationship with its closely related species is discussed, and a key to the species of Derris in the 'deviating type of inflorescence' clade is presented.

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Keywords: DERRIS; LIMESTONE; SOLORI; THAILAND; TRUE PANICLE

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2014

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  • Blumea is an international journal on the biodiversity, evolution and biogeography of plants, including topics on systematics, floristics, phylogeny, morphology and anatomy. For floristic studies, the focus is on tropical Africa south of the Sahara, tropical Southeast Asia with a strong emphasis on Malesia, and South America with emphasis on the Guianas. Papers in Blumea are subjected to peer review and are in English. Blumea is published three times a year, comprising c. 300 pages in total.
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