The hill assessment index (HAI) and stair assessment index (SAI) were developed to objectively evaluate ramp and stair gait. This study's purpose was to determine the validity and reliability of these tests in a sample of persons with unilateral transfemoral amputation (TFA) using microprocessor
prosthetic knee systems. All subjects were fit with a microprocessor knee system. After accommodation, subjects performed three trials ascending and descending a 5° ramp and a flight of stairs while being recorded on video. Sensitivity and specificity for the HAI was calculated against
degree of asymmetry in step length using Dartfish video analysis software. Reliability was assessed using intraclass correlational coefficients calculated using Spearman's Rho (rs). A priori significance level was set at p ≤ 0.05. Twenty (n = 20) individuals
with TFA completed the study protocol. Sensitivity and specificity of the HAI were calculated at 88.0% and 75.0% during ascending conditions and 94.0% and 67.0% during descending conditions, respectively. Significant correlations for the HAI included rs = 0.87 and rs
= 0.73 within raters uphill and downhill, respectively. Corresponding coefficients of rs = 0.80 and rs= 0.67 were calculated between raters. For the SAI, significant correlations included rs = 1.00 for both comparisons within raters and in the comparison between
raters in the ascending condition. A correlation of rs = 0.89 was calculated for the between-rater comparison in the descending condition. The HAI showed moderate to excellent sensitivity and specificity but good to adequate reliability. The SAI showed excellent to good reliability.
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OBSERVATIONAL GAIT ASSESSMENT;
Document Type: Research Article
September 1, 2016
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