Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Open Access Psychometric Evaluation of the Hill Assessment Index (HAI) and Stair Assessment Index (SAI) In High-functioning Transfemoral Amputees

Download Article:
(PDF 400.1 kb)
The hill assessment index (HAI) and stair assessment index (SAI) were developed to objectively evaluate ramp and stair gait. This study's purpose was to determine the validity and reliability of these tests in a sample of persons with unilateral transfemoral amputation (TFA) using microprocessor prosthetic knee systems. All subjects were fit with a microprocessor knee system. After accommodation, subjects performed three trials ascending and descending a 5° ramp and a flight of stairs while being recorded on video. Sensitivity and specificity for the HAI was calculated against degree of asymmetry in step length using Dartfish video analysis software. Reliability was assessed using intraclass correlational coefficients calculated using Spearman's Rho (rs). A priori significance level was set at p ≤ 0.05. Twenty (n = 20) individuals with TFA completed the study protocol. Sensitivity and specificity of the HAI were calculated at 88.0% and 75.0% during ascending conditions and 94.0% and 67.0% during descending conditions, respectively. Significant correlations for the HAI included rs = 0.87 and rs = 0.73 within raters uphill and downhill, respectively. Corresponding coefficients of rs = 0.80 and rs= 0.67 were calculated between raters. For the SAI, significant correlations included rs = 1.00 for both comparisons within raters and in the comparison between raters in the ascending condition. A correlation of rs = 0.89 was calculated for the between-rater comparison in the descending condition. The HAI showed moderate to excellent sensitivity and specificity but good to adequate reliability. The SAI showed excellent to good reliability.

15 References.

No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics


Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2016

More about this publication?
  • Technology and Innovation, edited and published by the National Academy of Inventors, is a forum for presenting information encompassing the entire field of applied sciences, with a focus on transformative technology and academic innovation. Regular features of T&I include commentaries contributed by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) and in-depth profiles of Fellows of the National Academy of Inventors in every issue.

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more